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A Timeline of the History of Madeira




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20 Million Years Ago

Volcanic eruptions from off the seabed start forming the basis of the platform upon which Madeira would grow. Layers and layers of molten lava keep spewing from the earthís sea bound mantle and this settles on the already steep shoot of solid rock growing over many centuries. Eventually the volcanic lava pushes above sea level and continues to spew ash and molten rock into the air. Various islands and rock bed form around the area of the Madeiran archipelago today.

1.7 Million Years Ago

The volcanic disturbances extinguish themselves and the island cools down. With time seeds and other pods brought by the oceanic flow and wild birds take root on the island. These seedlings flourish in the rich volcanic soil. A dense forest of trees and plants emerges.

 


 
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



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