20 Million Years Ago
Volcanic eruptions from off the seabed start forming the
basis of the platform upon which Madeira would grow. Layers and layers of
molten lava keep spewing from the earthís sea bound mantle and this settles on
the already steep shoot of solid rock growing over many centuries. Eventually
the volcanic lava pushes above sea level and continues to spew ash and molten
rock into the air. Various islands and rock bed form around the area of the
Madeiran archipelago today.
1.7 Million Years Ago
The volcanic disturbances extinguish themselves and the
island cools down. With time seeds and other pods brought by the oceanic flow
and wild birds take root on the island. These seedlings flourish in the rich
volcanic soil. A dense forest of trees and plants emerges.